Exploitation of the brown coal deposited in the Ugljevik Basin began in 1899.
These coal landfills in North East Bosnia, lay in the Ugljevik-Priboj Basin. The Basin covers a surface area measuring 56km2, and encompasses the northern slopes of the Majevica Mountain, the regions south east of the City of Bijeljina and the region situated west to the lower course of the Drina River.
The Basin is one of the most important in the entire Bosnia and Herzegovina region, and consists of four major sites:
- Mezgraja and Jasikovac
- Tobut and Peljave
Today, the future development of the municipality is linked to the power production business, i.e. including the Ugljevik mining operations and the Thermal Power Plant. Together they currently employ around 1,700 workers.
Fees for the use of natural resources are an important element in Ugljevik Municipality's revenue.
The existing Ugljevik Thermal Power Plant (with a capacity of 300MW), was built in 1985 on the Janja River, some 25km from Bijeljina. Alongside the construction of the Thermal Power Plant, the Bogutovo Selo pit was opened to supply it with coal. It is located 2 km away, and has an estimated annual production of 1,750,000 tons of dark pit coal.
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