Coal remains a significant and safe energy resource, although its combustion can potentially lead to atmospheric pollution and environmental damage caused by the release of oxide sulphur, nitrogen, carbon and the particulates. However, Comsar has invested in the addition of advanced technological systems needed for the elimination of harmful oxides.
The entire design and construction process of the Ugljevik 3 is underpinned by reducing its environmental impact in accordance with the Environmental Protection Act adopted by the Republic of Srpska (Official Newsletter of the RS No 71/12). Comsar is working with an experienced consulting team 'Projekt' a.d. Banja Luka, to prepare an Environmental Impact Study to provide:
- Analysis and evaluation of “As-Is” state of the location and of the planned project
- The statement of all possible environmental impacts to be expected during the construction and exploitation
- Projected necessary environmental protection measures
- Details of the monitoring system tracking the effectiveness of the protective measures.
Since the new Ugljevik 3 Power Plant blocks are planned to be constructed next to the existing Ugljevik 1 Thermal Power Plant block, a special aim of the Environmental Impact Study is to determine the baseline quality of the environment, as well as the cumulative impact of both facilities.
TPP Ugljevik 3 is designed in full accordance with the principles and recommendations of the IPPC Directive on integrated pollution prevention and control - IPPC (96/61/EC), as well as in accordance with the Directive on industrial emissions (2010/75/EU), and the Directive on large combustion plants (2001/80/EC).
During the design stage, various technical and technological solutions that meet strict ecological criteria have also been applied:
- Combustion making use of circulating fluidized bed (CFCB) technology
- Removal of the particulate matter using electro-filtration; fuming gas desulphurization facility
- Closed coal and limestone transportation system
- Continuous measurement of the emitted harmful substances’ concentration
- Water use management
- Wastewater purification
- By-products and waste management
The Environmental Impact Study, the results of public scrutiny and feedback from public debates confirm that, provided that all of the foreseen environmental protection measures are taken, the construction and the operation of the thermal power plant shall have no significant environmental impact.